If you have some basic Java knowledge, it’s quite easy to create a simple Android app. Technically, you don’t even have to have an Android smartphone, because you can run and test your app in an emulator. Nevertheless, having a smartphone is a better option.
Here is the list of things you need:
- Eclipse IDE
- Android ADT plugin for Eclipse
- Android smartphone
- Android SDK which matches the Android version on your smartphone
To create a simple Hello World app, follow these steps:
You can download Eclipse IDE at this link: http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/packages/eclipse-classic-372/indigosr2
2) Download Android ADT plugin
- Start Eclipse, then select Help > Install New Software….
- Click Add, in the top-right corner.
- In the Add Repository dialog that appears, enter “ADT Plugin” for the Name and the following URL for the Location:
- Click OK
Note: If you have trouble acquiring the plugin, try using “http” in the Location URL, instead of “https” (https is preferred for security reasons).
- In the Available Software dialog, select the checkbox next to Developer Tools and click Next.
- In the next window, you’ll see a list of the tools to be downloaded. Click Next.
- Read and accept the license agreements, then click Finish.
Note: If you get a security warning saying that the authenticity or validity of the software can’t be established, click OK.
- When the installation completes, restart Eclipse.
3)Download Android SDK
Make sure Eclipse is closed. On Windows 7, go to C:\Users\<your_username>\android-sdks. Open “SDK Manager.exe”. On other systems android-sdks folder should also be in your home folder.
Download the SDK which matches the version on your phone.
4) Configure the phone
Other possibility is to use an emulator. But the main disadvantage of that possibility is slow loading: for every change you make in the source code and wish to test it, you have to wait 2-3 minutes (depending on your computer’s speed) for the emulator to load.
To configure your phone for testing, do as follows:
Setting -> Applications -> Development -> tick USB debugging
Then connect your phone to your PC with an USB cable.
5) Open a new Android project
Click File -> New Android project.
Enter the name of your project.
Choose the SDK that matches Android version on your phone.
Add a name of your package.
6) Add some code
ADT plugin has created the main activity for you. That code is executed when the application starts.
Delete this line:
And add these 3:
TextView tv = new TextView(this);
Eclipse will prompt you to import the required library for TextView. Just click on the light bulb on the left and double click “Import ‘TextView'”.
7) Run the app
Click Run->Run or press Ctrl+F11.
Select your device.
And that’s it! Check your phone to see the results.